It is natural biological process marked by end of menstrual cycle. Menopause occurs when woman has not menstruated for 12 consecutive months and can no longer become pregnant.it usually begins between age 45-55 years but it can also occur before or after that age.
It is a period when your hormones begin to decline in preparation for menopause it can be between 1;4 years before menses. During this period your menses become irregular. Your periods can be late or frequent or u can completely skip one or two cycles. flow can be heavy or scanty.
Post menopause: it refers to the years after menopause has occurred.
Signs and symptoms:
· Less frequent menstruation
· Heavier or lighter flow
· Hot flashes, night sweats, flushing
· Weight gain
· Difficult concentration
· Memory loss
· Vaginal dryness
· Low or no sexual desire
· Brittle nails, dry skin
· Frequent urinary tract infection
· Excessive body hair
· Thinning of hair or hair loss from scalp
· Thinning of bones
· Joint pains or stiff joints
· Tender breast
· Lax muscles
Reasons why menopause occurs:
Depletion of ovarian hormones which are released from ovarian follicles estrogen ,progesterone, testosterone, follicle stimulating hormone(FSH) and Luteinizing Hormone(LH) which is responsible for menstruation and fertility.
Treatment depends upon severity of symptoms. generally
Symptomatic relief is must.
Psychological counselling for depression and anxiety.
Homoeopathic approach for menopause:
Homoeopathic medicine is very effective in treatment of menopausal symptoms. It aims to promote general health by increasing body capacity of healing naturally. It has holistic approach where person is treated as a whole which will not only cure symptoms but overall health of a person (physical, mental and emotional) will be improved. Homoeopathic medicines are safe and non-addictive.